Southern Pacific No.3194 (ex T&NO No.281, SP-5895 and SP-3001) is a General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD) GP9
equipped with steam generator and bi-directional control stands for passenger service.
After the flood of streamlined cab units purchased by the Southern Pacific from 1947
to 1953, (see F-Unit page) the motive power
department made a shift in purchasing decisions. Hood units could be built with the
same mechanical specifications, but would have better rearward visibility and be easier
to work on, as the whole hood could come off for maintenance.
SP subsidiary Texas & New Orleans purchased the first GP9's on the system in
1954. Four of those, Nos.280-283 were equipped with steam boilers and dual controls for
bi-directional use in passenger service.
As passenger service in Texas decreased, this series of locomotives was transferred
to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1960 and 1961, working the Sacramento locals, the
Del Monte and the San Francisco to San Jose commuter service. The No.281 was
renumbered to 5895, the next open number in the GP9 block. It was during this time that
it was painted gray and scarlet and lost its Gyralight ash-can signal lights in favor of
the more compact Mars signal light package. It was renumbered to 3001 in the 1965 SP
general locomotive renumbering, placing it in the 3000-series with the other passenger
GP9's Nos.3000-3010 and the Fairbanks-Morse TrainMaster Nos.3020-3035.
In the mid 70's, SP rebuilt most of the EMD 9-series locomotives. SP-3001 was
rebuilt as the No.3194. It continued in San Francisco - San Jose commuter service until
new equipment was purchased in 1985 by CalTrain and the Peninsula Joint Powers Authority.
The SP-3194 went into freight service until it was retired in 1998. It was purchased
and donated to GGRM at that time.
The locomotive now is in good condition, although it did suffer from lack of attention
during its later years in freight service. The GGRM diesel department has done a great
job of bringing this locomotive back to serviceable standards.